|Infectious diseases are estimated to cause more than 25 percent of all deaths around the world. A number of infectious-disease outbreaks over the past decade, such as H5N1 avian influenza and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), have heightened concerns about how infectious diseases might threaten global security.
Most recently, the emergence of influenza A H1N1 has demonstrated the threat that infectious diseases pose. It is important to note that about 75 percent of the diseases that have emerged over the past decade have originated from animals. As a result, effective responses to the growing threat of infectious diseases require a multidisciplinary approach that brings together stakeholders from a variety of sectors, including agricultural and animal health. Health, socioeconomic, or political planning is a basic management function. It is a process of selecting strategic goals and objectives and choosing the best ways to achieve these goals. It involves making decisions on what needs to be done to achieve these objectives in view of the past and prevailing circumstances. This is a very important consideration in developing a human global pandemic preparedness plan.